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The African Civil Aviation Policy (AFCAP)

The African Civil Aviation Policy (AFCAP) is a common policy which provides a framework and the platform for the formulation, collaboration and integration of national and multinational initiatives/programmes in various aspects of civil aviation including safety, security, efficiency, environmental protection and sustainable development of air transport in Africa.

The overarching framework document which has the backing of the AU Heads of States and governments enlists and consolidates the political commitment of African States to work together through an agreed roadmap with the purpose of positioning Africa's air transport in the global economy. The policy provides appropriate empowerment of national and regional technical bodies to enable them carry out their responsibilities effectively.

Aviation safety is the cornerstone of international civil aviation and an integral part of the strategic objective of ICAO. African States, like every other member State of ICAO, have statutory responsibilities to ensure and enhance aviation safety through effective implementation of Safety related Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and other relevant provisions of the Chicago Convention.

As stated in the African Civil Aviation Policy, the objective of African States regarding Aviation Safety is "to ensure a high level of safety in civil aviation operations through compliance with ICAO SARPs". In order to achieve this objective, it is essential for States to have effective and autonomous civil aviation authorities. However, the emerging trend is for States to optimise resources by establishing Regional Safety Oversight Organisations (RSOOs). AFCAP therefore advocates that African States should ensure that their Civil Aviation Authorities are strengthened with adequate resources, full powers and independence to carry out effective regulation and safety oversight of their aviation industry.

The other strategies that will facilitate the accomplishment of the objective of ensuring a high level of safety in Africa as contained in the AFCAP include the following:

•Civil Aviation Authorities shall have oversight responsibilities on all service providers in the industry, including aircraft operators, maintenance and repair organisations, Airports/Aerodrome and Air Navigation Service Providers, Aeronautical Meteorology, Aviation Training Organisations, handling companies, aviation fuel suppliers, among others;

•All aircraft operators, maintenance organisations, aviation licensed personnel, flight training organisations and airstrip/aerodrome operators/owners etc. shall comply with relevant regulations;
•Civil Aviation Authorities shall work out modalities for the licensing of various categories of personnel in the industry;
•The African Union and AFCAC should ensure the implementation of all safety resolutions while exploring new initiatives to enhance aviation safety in the continent;
•Seminars, workshops and conferences should be organised for all stakeholders to sensitise and enlighten them on the benefits of imbibing a safety culture;
•Civil Aviation Authorities of member States shall establish State safety programmes in accordance with the ICAO Safety Management Manual;
•Civil Aviation Authorities of member States shall ensure that all aviation service providers have in place, Safety Management Systems; and
•Civil Aviation Authorities of member States and all aviation stakeholders shall develop and imbibe a safety culture in their operations.

Please follow the links below to download the two documents:

a. African Civil Aviation Policy
b.  Guidelines for the negotiation of Air Service Agreements between AU States and the EU Commission/EU States